When attending a plumbing emergency it is very important what the plumber should carry for emergency plumbing tools. One of the biggest arguments for the customer explained by a customer we come across for example: “the plumber turned up with a hammer and screw driver but no other tools and all he wants to try and do is turn my water off. The problem here my mains stopcock has no handle and the mains water outside is shared with the neighbour”. This is an example of similar stories and all what has happened here is that the customer has wasted there time and in every second goes by, the higher the cost of the damage to the property.
The reason for this article is to make those plumber aware of what tools are required to stop a leak as a beginner plumber, going on to the more reliable plumber on what can be achieved and last of all, the type of tools you could have if your to save the time it takes to fix the leak or make any repair. Just below we have a list of emergency plumbing tools.
List Of Emergency Plumbing Tools
Beginners list of plumbing tools in an emergency
- Mediam Size Grips.
- 8mm to 22mm Adjustable Pipe Slicers.
- Waste Pipe slicers.
- Standard flat and philips screwdriver.
- Basin Spanners.
- Sink Tap Spanner.
- Stanley Knife.
- Blow Torch, Solder and Lighting Kit.
- Mains stop tap key.
- Plunger and drain rod.
- Alan keys.
- Steps & Ladders.
Beginners & secondary list for the more reliable plumber.
- Rounded Pipe cutters 10ml, 15ml, 22ml and 28ml.
- Plastic pipe cutters for Speedfit and Waste Pipe.
- Screwdrivers includes Electrical and Allan Keys.
- Chisle and Hacksaw.
- Basin Spanners + Sink Tap Spanner.
- Tape measure.
- Electric Drill.
- Small Kango.
- Silacone Gun.
- Tank Bungs.
- Drainage Rods.
- Immersion Key Spanner.
- MDPE clamp.
- Adjustable Spanner.
- Spare Blow Torch Bottle (YELOW).
Here is a list with added tools for a more specialised emergency.
- Electric pipe freezing kit.
- Pipe freezing kit (spray + sleeve).
- Dremol + Kit.
- CCTV leak finder.
- Pipe Bending Machine.
- Wet & Dry Vacuum.
Before taking on any do-it-yourself plumbing project or repair, it’s a good idea to be mindful of some basic safety precautions. These include general tool safety tips as well as official—or legal—requirements pertaining to plumbing installations. And since plumbing work usually involves pipes, you always want to be mindful of what’s in a pipe (Pressurized water? Sewage?) and the possible results of your actions.
Plumbing the smart and safe way starts with thinking about your next step. Taking a moment to consider what might be in a pipe or whether you need to shut off the water first can make the difference between a simple project and a disaster scenario.
- Think before opening a drain. Before separating drain parts or removing a cleanout, stop to ask yourself if it’s possible that the contents of the pipe will drain in your direction? Drains aren’t normally under pressure, but a clog in a drain can build significant pressure, due to gravity and the weight behind the clog. Many a plumber has a horror story of opening a cleanout in a basement and creating a firehose effect of spewing sewage.
- Shut off the water. If there’s any chance that your work will involve a water supply, shut off the water to be safe. Sometimes what looks like a decorative cap or knob actually holds back pressurized water. You don’t want to have to search for the household shutoff in a panic.
- Be informed. Check all pertinent local building and plumbing codes before starting a significant plumbing project. Know what work you can do yourself and what work requires a professional. Get a permit whenever it is required for your plumbing project.
- Protect your eyes. Wear safety glasses when doing any plumbing work, especially something that could potentially damage your eyes. Work such as snaking a drain, using a drill, or reciprocating saw, hammering, or even working under a sink while looking up can pose a safety hazard for your eyes. Also be aware of the possibility of contaminants, like sewage or drain gunk, splashing into your eyes.
- Protect your hands. Wear appropriate work gloves to protect your hands. Hands come into contact with many different materials and chemicals when doing plumbing projects, and using gloves is an easy way to prevent injuries. When using a drain machine of any sort, it is a good idea to wear latex gloves under leather gloves to protect you from the germs typically found in drain lines.
- Protect your lungs. Use a face mask when necessary to protect your lungs. When your project involves sawing or sanding, take the extra precaution of using a disposable face mask to prevent inhalation of dust particles.
- Practice tool safety. Exercise caution when using power tools, and follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for use. Drilling large holes for pipes with a powerful 1/2-inch drill is a common hazard for plumbing work. Make sure the drill bit or cutter will not bind during the operation; if the bit stops, the drill will keep going. Also be extra cautious when soldering or using any heat on pipes, especially on the wall or near any insulation. Use a heat shield to protect nearby combustible materials when working with a soldering torch.
- Read labels. Always read labels and instructions when using chemicals or machines. Follow the recommendations for use at all times. Check the warning labels on products and equipment, and know what to do in case of an emergency.
Plumbing can be deceptively simple; that is, it can seem less complicated than it really is. So the main rule of thumb is, Don’t rush into things. Think through your project and make sure the plan works before you start tearing into your pipes or pulling out fixtures.
- Ignore code requirements. Plumbing and building codes are put in place for the protection of you, everyone in your household, and the general public, so they should never be ignored. For example, leaving out a simple vacuum breaker (a common code requirement) in a water supply line can potentially lead to contamination of the public drinking water.
- Ignore the smell of gas. If you smell natural gas or suspect a gas leak, stop what you are doing right away. If it is safe to do so, turn off the gas, and call your gas company. Don’t try to find the gas leak yourself.
- Cut blindly. Before cutting or drilling into a wall, ceiling, or floor cavity, make sure you know what’s behind the surface. Cavities hide plumbing pipes, electrical wiring, and ductwork, among other things you really don’t want to cut or drill into.
- Misuse tools or equipment. Use tools and equipment for their intended purpose only. The misuse of tools can result in injury and/or damage to the tool. Poorly maintained tools and equipment can also be a safety hazard. Check power tools and equipment before using them to ensure they are in good condition.
Not knowing how your toilet works can be a major, and disgusting, problem in the event of a clog or malfunction. Fortunately, getting acquainted with your bathroom’s MVP isn’t difficult. All you need is a quick refresher. Your toilet may seem complicated, but it’s actually a fairly simple system—and one that’s easy to repair once you’re familiar with the parts. This diagram will help you get acquainted with the inner workings of your toilet. Toilets rely on a few simple systems to get rid of waste. Here’s a look at what happens after you flush.
The Parts of Your Toilet
How Your Toilet Works
Not knowing how your toilet works can be a major, and disgusting, problem in the event of a clog or malfunction. Fortunately, getting acquainted with your bathroom’s MVP isn’t difficult. All you need is a quick refresher.
Your toilet may seem complicated, but it’s actually a fairly simple system—and one that’s easy to repair once you’re familiar with the parts. This diagram will help you get acquainted with the inner workings of your toilet.
Toilets rely on a few simple systems to get rid of waste. Here’s a look at what happens after you flush.
Water Softener Systems
Normally water softener systems are based on a salt process, which helps to eliminate harmful hard water minerals which subsequently are replaced by salt ions. There are also non-salt based systems on the market which don’t make use of salt ions to eliminate such dangerous hard water minerals. The problem with these non-salt based systems is that they are vulnerable to oil and hydrogen sulfate (even if they are present in small traces). Salt based system require regular maintenance and are expensive to install, also as a result of this salt based process they add sodium and potassium to your water, whilst non-salt based softeners are cheaper but as mentioned before can be easily damaged by oil and sulfate.
Water Filtration Systems
Normally water filtration system takes care of the whole household thus it may require a small capital to install properly. A water filtration system would first, trap all of the particles larger than ten to one hundred microns and then traps small particles by the help of a second filtration process. A water filtration system is much more secure than water softeners because it will eliminate all of the particles which include metals, non-metals and most importantly dangerous bacteria. As already mentioned above, it is quite expensive to install a water filtration system and requires periodic maintenance, which doesn’t come cheap , but it is the best system for clean water.
Drinking or Non-Drinking Water
The solution is pretty easy because you have to choose whether you are going to drink that water or not. For non-drinking water you can use a water softener system but if you are going to drink the water then it’s better to opt for a safer system because salt is a major concern. As you can see the type of water filtration system used depends on what you are going to do with the water. Alternatively you can use a simple drinking water filter to improve the quality of your drinking water.
There are various types of systems for achieving clean water but you have to choose carefully because not every water filtration or softener system is good for your needs. The price is a concern, but health is a much bigger concern, so make sure to make an informed choice rather than basing your choice on financial issues only
water contains a significant amount of calcium and magnesium, it is called hard water. Hard water is known to clog pipes and to complicate soap and detergent dissolving in water.
Water softening is a technique that serves the removal of the ions that cause the water to be hard, in most cases calcium and magnesium ions. Iron ions may also be removed during softening.
The best way to soften water is to use a water softener unit and connect it directly to the water supply.
A water softener system is invaluable to anyone with hard water. However, a hard water system can develop problems. These can create health worries for those living in the properties so it is vital to take care of the problems as they occur. Remember, a water softener system is a complex piece of equipment and needs to be treated gently and with respect. Many problems can be simply treated without paying a technician.
Sodium problems are the most common thing you’re likely to encounter with a water softener system. An excess of salt isn’t good for the body, especially for those with high blood pressure. As sodium is a vital part of a water softening system it can lead to salt in the softened water which finds its way into the body. You could get a bypass pipe for drinking water to avoid excess salt in the drinking water.
*Water Softener Not Working Properly
There are several possible causes that could result in the water softener system not working properly. Some of these are quite simple to resolve. The first step is to flush the tank in the water softener system. This will allow you to see whether more salt needs to be added to the system. If necessary, add more salt and then refill the tank.
If the motor in the water softener system isn’t working, try initially checking that it’s plugged in and that the unit is switched on. Also check the circuit breaker to discover whether it’s been tripped. This might seem like very basic advice, but all too often the problems and solutions are simpler. If there really is a motor problem it’s best to have it taken care of by a professional.
Problems with the brine line occur fairly regularly with water softener systems. Begin to solve this by flushing the brine line. When doing this it’s important to look at the injector and the filter screen, replacing them if any defects or problems in them are discovered.
The lines should be checked for breaks or damage that can affect the pressure in the lines as a particular pressure has to be maintained in order for brine line to work efficiently. That pressure will be listed in your owner’s manual as well as how to adjust the temperature. The brine line is a vital part of the water softener system, so ensuring it’s kept at the correct pressure will help the system work well.
There’s a limit to the iron content that should be in the water of a water softener system. When that happens it’s necessary to start by checking the filter. It’s quite possible that you’ll need to replace that filter. Take time, too, to look at the position of the bypass valve. When this happens you should also look at the plumbing lines to be certain there are no leaks.
Electrical fires and other electrical problems can be scary experiences. Luckily, you can often prevent serious electrical issues by recognising the early signs of a problem.
If you experience an electric shock or jolt when you touch an appliance, it could be a sign of a bigger problem. The problem could be something such as faulty wiring or a ground fault in the appliance. At first, the shock might be minor, but if the issue is not resolved, the problem could get worse.
Circuit Breaker Tripping
When a circuit is overloaded, it will trip to prevent the wiring from overheating and possibly starting a fire. If your circuit breaker trips occasionally, there may not be a major problem. This may simply mean that you need to unplug one or two items and plug them into another circuit. If your circuit breaker is often tripping, you might be experiencing a more serious issue. Your breaker might be getting old and need to be replaced. This is especially true if it is the same circuit breaker that is always tripping or if the circuit breaker trips even when it should not be overloaded.
Flickering lights may simply mean you to replace or tighten a lightbulb. If that does not resolve the problem, there might be something wrong with your light fixture. Your flickering light problem will need to be diagnosed and resolved by an experienced electrician.
Light Switches and Outlets Not Working
If it takes several tries to turn on a light, or if a light switch randomly stops working and then works fine another time, you may have loose wiring or there might another electrical problem. The same is true of outlets that only work sporadically.
Burning Odors or Sparks
Sparks and burning odors coming from an electrical outlet could be indicators of a serious issue. While an occasional small spark when you plug a device in should not be cause for serious concern, larger sparks or frequent sparks from a specific outlet could be an indicator of an electrical problem. If you smell a burning odor or experience large or frequent sparks from an outlet, unplug your devices right away. Do not use the outlet again until it has been checked by an experienced electrician.
If you have experienced any of these issues or any other potential electrical problems, contact an experienced electrician.They can help you resolve an assortment of electrical problems and prevent a minor electrical issue from becoming something more serious.
Unless you are experienced in working with electrical problems always call on the services of a professional electrical services company. But given that you’re going to be in situations which require you to work with electrical equipment, always follow these 10 rules.
Before you repair or service electrical equipment be sure you have disconnected it from it’s power source.
Don’t use tools that have handles that are not insulated. Non-insulated handles can pass electricity from the tool through your body causing injury or death.
When handling electrical devices assume they are live and energised.
Treat all energised electrical circuits as if your life depended upon not coming into contact with them.
If any part of your body or clothing is wet, do not touch any electrical device or equipment that is plugged in.
If at all possible try and perform work on electrical equipment with one hand. Keep your free hand in your pocket and away from anything that might conduct electricity.
When working with electrical devices unplug them or shut off the power if any chemical or water comes into contact with it.
Never touch an electrical device with anything metallic such as pens or tape measures. Be sure and remove all jewelry from your person. These types of material may conduct electricity.
If someone in your immediate area comes into contact with live electricity, you cannot help them if you touch either the person or the source of the electricity. Before you do anything else disconnect the power source or trip the circuit breaker.
Rooms that are extremely cold create conditions of condensation and the moisture from this is conducive to electricity.
Other things to be cautious with: not touching equipment others are working on, or when standing on a wet floor; if a device tingles there may be a short; enclose electrical contacts to avoid accidents; drain all capacitors; don’t handle defective circuits; disconnect high voltage sources; de-energise experimental circuits; don’t wear loose clothing; keep flammable liquids away from electrical devices; know your wiring scheme.
The power feed into your home can come from either underground conduit or via a power line. These lines lead to a meter box which measures the electrical usage in your home. The flow of electricity continues from the main and travels to the main breaker box (fuse box) where it is connected to all of the homes wiring circuits. These circuits run from the circuit breaker to each of the home’s outlets and light fixtures as well as any appliances.
Your meter is typically installed on an existing exterior wall of the home in a location where they can be easily read by the power company, so they should not be too difficult to locate.
Standard meters measure the flow of power into your home but, with solar energy on the rise, newer “smart meters” are able to record the flow of energy in both directions.
The Main Fuse Box
Most all main fuses (also known as ‘breakers’) are installed in your home or garage, main breakers in some rare cases can be on the home’s exterior in a waterproof box. The main breaker will determine the total power that a home can use. The reason for your breaker box is that in the case of an electrical overload, the breaker switch will flip to off to reduce the risk of a fire in your home.
Inside your box, and under the main breaker, are the smaller circuit breakers. These smaller circuit breakers govern how much electricity is sent to each circuit. Each of these circuits will often represent entire rooms or high powered appliances such as washers & dryers. All of these circuits will be labeled and easy to read on the inside of the main breaker panel door.
These are the wires the travel from the circuit breaker and through your home to each of the room’s outlets and fixtures in your home. Each of these wires will have at least three wires in a bundle. The bundle will contain a hot a ground and neutral wire. The hot wires will be black or red, neutral wires will be white and the ground will be bare.
The danger from an electrical shock depends on the type of current, how high the voltage is, how the current traveled through the body, the person’s overall health and how quickly the person is treated.
An electrical shock may cause burns, or it may leave no visible mark on the skin. In either case, an electrical current passing through the body can cause internal damage, cardiac arrest or other injury. Under certain circumstances, even a small amount of electricity can be fatal.
When to contact your doctor
A person who has been injured by contact with electricity should be seen by a doctor.
- Don’t touch the injured person if he or she is still in contact with the electrical current.
- Call for help if the source of the burn is a high-voltage wire or lightning. Don’t get near high-voltage wires until the power is turned off. Overhead power lines usually aren’t insulated. Stay at least 20 feet (about 6 meters) away — farther if wires are jumping and sparking.
- Don’t move a person with an electrical injury unless he or she is in immediate danger.
When to seek emergency care
- Severe burns
- Difficulty breathing
- Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias)
- Cardiac arrest
- Muscle pain and contractions
- Loss of consciousness
Take these actions immediately while waiting for medical help:
- Turn off the source of electricity, if possible. If not, move the source away from you and the person, using a dry, nonconducting object made of cardboard, plastic or wood.
- Begin CPR if the person shows no signs of circulation, such as breathing, coughing or movement.
- Try to prevent the injured person from becoming chilled.
- Apply a bandage. Cover any burned areas with a sterile gauze bandage, if available, or a clean cloth. Don’t use a blanket or towel, because loose fibers can stick to the burns.